Myanmar is a country full of spirituality and decent culture. The art in Myanmar which basically refers to the visually portraying arts includes the painting, sculptures and designs showcases the Burmese talent and artwork. The central theme of the arts in Myanmar revolves around Buddhist elements such as Bodhisattva, Mudra, the pagoda, and Jataka tales. But this beautiful place also consists of very creative people who reflect the diversity of their rich culture through the medium of “Traditional Arts”. There are 10 traditional arts which are referred to as ‘Ten Flowers’ and considered as of great importance in the country. Let us have a quick peek on the beauty of Traditional Art in Myanmar.
1. The art of blacksmith – Panbe
This art refers to heating up and tempering the iron in order to extract out various iron made material. The iron in the furnaces are used to make ox cart iron, tyre, ox cart axle, pickaxe, scissors, knife, digging hoe, hatchet, adze, mattock, hammer, axe, and knife. The traditional art in the country began in 11th century A.D in the early Bagan period.
2. The art of sculpture – Panbu
This art basically works out with producing sculptures, figures and floral design extracted out of wood and ivory. The traditional art of sculpture includes the wood sculpture, stone sculpture, as well as plaster sculpture. Many cities and markets of Myanmar showcase more of wood sculpture due to its high demand in the market.
3. The art of gold and silver smith – Pantain
This art has the skills and specialization in handling the precious metals and working with them effectively. Pantain Art is one of the most famous and worthy skill possessed by the country with over one thousand and two hundred years of existence in the culture of the estate. There are very skilled artisans required to master this art of Gold and silver smith.
4. The art of bronze casting – Pantin
The process of making items using metals such as copper, bronze and brass is called Patin. From the era of Bronze Age, there are many considerations in the terms of materials made of brass which happens to have improved over the period of Bagan and Ava.
5. The art of making floral designs using masonry – Pantaut
Under this traditional art, there are many mythical lions, floral patterns and dragons designed using stucco. The history of Myanmar records that the work of Stucco has been very well embellished in the bagan period and kept improving in Yadanapon, Amarapura, Bagan, and Ava areas.
6. The art of bricklaying and masonry – Panyan
This art is considered to construct buildings, pagodas, houses etc. using stones, cement and bricks. The traditional art of bricklaying and masonry is exceptionally well known for providing the spender and impressive beauty, strength and detailed work which has an immense power to awestruck the spectator.
7. The art of sculpting with stone – Pantamault
The art of stone carving is one of the most significant traditional fine arts of Myanmar. The sculpting done by stones is fine arts portraying the life of Buddha at Ananda in many of the beautifully designed sculptures. A good number of sculpture studios are concentrated in Mandalay in Myanmar.
8. The art of turning designs on the lathe – Panpoot
This traditional art relates to making items of wood such as table legs, turnery, utensils turning at lathe, posts for Pavilions and railings, shaft of umbrella, legs of bed etc. The craft techniques of the turner artists have its roots from traditional styles of Yatanapon, Bagan and Ava period.
9. The art of painting – Panchi
Myanmar is in the hit list for the skillful paintings from the archeological period as well as wonders of color on the walls of some pagodas. This is probably the most beautiful art depicting the animals, human beings, scenery designs, cartoon and beauty of inanimate objects using the skills of painting and appealing colors.
10. The art of making lacquer ware – Panyun
The art of making lacquer ware refers to producing handicrafts usually made of bamboo, wood and Black varnish. It takes a very detailed procedure to work out this traditional art starting from cutting of bamboo sticks in a very restricted manner to the last stage of designing the lacquer wares with hand paintings. Bagan is fundamentally known as the native breeding place of this craft.
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